Florianópolis (AKA Floripa) is the capital of Santa Catarina, a state located in the south of Brazil, bordering with Paraná state to the north, Rio Grande do Sul state to the south and the country of Argentina to the west. The city area is made up of one main island called “Ilha de Santa Catarina”, a continental part, plus the surrounding smaller islands.
The city itself has a population of approx. 421,000 inhabitants and an estimated 950,000 in its metropolitan area, comprising of São José, Biguaçu, Palhoça, Sto. Amaro da Imperatriz and others. It is well known for its white-sand beaches, lush vegetation and beautiful lagoons, as well as for its quality of life (one of the highest in Brazil).
The climate is subtropical, so the four seasons are clearly distinguishable. Summer temperatures are commonly around 30º C, whereas low winter temperatures can fall to around 10º C. It is not always cold in the winter however, as in between cold fronts the temperature rises and at times gets hot enough to go to the beach and even get a sun tan.
Florianópolis attracts many domestic, as well as foreign tourists, especially during the summer months (December to March). In recent years it has become one of the main tourist destinations in Brazil. The main attractions, of course, are its beautiful beaches, like Praia Mole, Joaquina, Campeche, Armação and Moçambique, located to the east, which are very popular with surfers, or beaches like Jurerê, Ingleses, Cachoeira, Ponta das Canas and Canasvieiras to the north of the island, which are more appropriate for swimming.
A yearly event that also attracts a lot of tourists to Floripa is carnival. It usually takes place in February and the different samba schools compete in the carnival parade at the “Sambodromo de Florianópolis – Nego Quirido”.
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